Participation of the IADB in the XV CMDA

The Committee on Hemispheric Security, represented by its Chairman, Ambassador Anthony Phillips-Spencer; the Inter-American Defense Board, represented by its Leadership; and the Inter-American Defense Foundation, represented by Mr. Óscar Gomez, participated as Observer Organizations in the XV Conference of Ministers of Defense of the Americas, held in Brasilia, from July 25 to 29.

During the Conference, several themes related to Defense and Security were discussed, among which the following stand out: Cyber Defense, Migration Flows, Integrated Deterrence and Natural Disasters.

The IADB had the opportunity to present to the Ministers of Defense the Mechanism for Cooperation in the Event of Disasters (MECODE) and report on the success of the MECODEX exercise, as well as present the planning for the next MECODEX-2023 that will be held next year. The IADB was also able to present its future perspectives in order to better advise the OAS and the CMDA.

During the Conference, bilateral meetings were held with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and the Dominican Republic that were of the utmost importance to strengthen the ties of cooperation between the IADB and its member states. 

The following paragraphs of the Brasilia Declaration cite the Inter-American Defense Board:

“5. Their recognition that integrated deterrence provides a construct for maintaining peace and stability in the Western Hemisphere by prioritizing regional cooperation in all defense and security domains and reducing barriers to sharing information and capabilities, and the concept will be referred to the Inter American Defense Board (IADB) for further studies as recommended by the Working Group.4

“18. In accordance with the CDMA Regulations, request the OAS, on a permanent basis, to involve the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), in accordance with the resolutions of its General Assembly, in the following activities:

a. Collect, share, and store lessons learned on humanitarian assistance on the Hemisphere and disseminate them to OAS and CDMA Member States;

b. Maintain up-to-date databases of contact points for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) in each CDMA Member State; and

c. Organize, annually, a table-top exercise of the CDMA Country Disaster Cooperation Mechanism (DICOME), in coordination with the CDMA Pro Tempore Secretariat.”

“19. Take note of the conclusions and recommendations of the three Ad Hoc Working Groups, gathered during the 2021/2022 cycle of the Conference, and:

a. Support the continued development of DICOME, under the coordination and execution of the IADB, as a way of enhancing cooperation in the response of countries and existing systems in the event of natural and manmade disasters in the Hemisphere; (…)”

“20. Their recognition that the implementation of the table-top exercise on the DICOME, conducted by the IADB, in February of this year, achieved the proposed objectives with regard to its validation initial phase, documenting the need for its continuous development, with the support of the OAS.”

“21. Their congratulations to the IADB on its 80th anniversary and for its contributions to the advancements of multinational peace, defense, and security within our Hemisphere.”

“22. Agree with the deliberations carried out by the Working Committee I on the Theme “Strengthening Integrated Deterrence: Air, Land, Sea, Space and Cyberspace”:

a. The conclusions

i. The importance and relevance of the topic was recognized;

ii. Due to its complexity, delegates concluded that the topic needs to be further studied; and

iii. The participating countries are grateful for the willingness of the United States Rapporteur to carefully conduct the exposition of the topic, and to all who contributed to the success of this Working Committee.

b. Recommendations:

Recognizing the specificities of each country on the subject, the Working Committee recommends the following: Unanimously, the members present suggest that the subject be submitted to the OAS for a more detailed study of the proposal through the IADB and that it be taken up at the XVI CDMA.”